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Mrs. Herzig Yoshinaga was honored at Los Angeles City Hall in 2011. Behind her are son in law Warren Furutani; the City Council president, Eric Garcetti; and Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa. (Mario Gershom Reyes)

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Similar convictions for two other Japanese Americans, Gordon Hirabayashi and Minoru Yasui, were subsequently cleared with the help of Mrs. Herzig Yoshinaga’s ”pivotal” research, said Dale Minami, a San Francisco based lawyer who led the legal team in all replica bags online three cases.

”What she did was expose misconduct in the government in this dark light the alteration of an originally racist justification to a more benign one, to make it more palatable to the Supreme Court,” Minami said in a phone interview.

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Wholesale Replica Bags By 1980, when a congressional commission was established to study the motivations and effects of Executive Order 9066, Mrs. Herzig Yoshinaga had gathered about 8,000 documents. The Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians hired her as a researcher. Wholesale Replica Bags

Three years later, in a 467 page report written by try this out lawyer Angus C. Macbeth, the commission concluded that internment was prompted by ”race prejudice, war hysteria and a failure of political leadership.”

While officials in the Roosevelt administration insisted internment was essential to the war effort, the commission reported that ”not a single documented act of aaa replica bags espionage, sabotage or fifth column activity was committed by an American citizen of Japanese ancestry or by a resident replica bags china Japanese alien on the West Coast.”

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No document proved more significant than the one in the little red book. Written by Lt. Gen. John L. DeWitt, it said that internments were necessary not because there was ”insufficient time” to distinguish loyal and disloyal Japanese Americans, but because ”an exact separation of the ‘sheep from 7a replica bags wholesale the goats’ was unfeasible.” The nature of the Japanese replica bags buy online ”race,” in other words, made internment essential.

KnockOff Handbags Mrs. Herzig Yoshinaga and her research partner, lawyer Peter H. Irons, also uncovered a certificate ”verifying that all copies of that report were burned,” Minami said. ”So there was destruction of evidence as well. Inexplicably, one copy of the report remained.” The published version, featuring altered language, was used as evidence to uphold the internment policy in court. solicitor general declared that the government had suppressed evidence when the Korematsu case was heard before the Supreme Court in 1944. Then, a month ago, Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. citizens to concentration camps, solely and explicitly on best replica bags the high end replica bags basis of race, is objectively unlawful.” KnockOff Handbags

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The decision was perhaps the final step in a process of national atonement spurred by Mrs. Herzig Yoshinaga’s research, the success of which shocked even her.

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When internment began, Mrs. Herzig Yoshinaga’s parents and siblings were sent to the stables at Santa Anita racetrack in Arcadia, Calif., and then to camps in Arkansas. To avoid being separated from her boyfriend, Jacob Miyazaki, Mrs. Herzig Yoshinaga eloped. The couple were bused 250 miles to Manzanar, near Independence, Calif., where Mrs. Herzig Yoshinaga gave birth to a daughter, spent hours washing sand and dust from her newborn’s diapers and saw her father only on his deathbed, while he was ailing at a separate camp in Arkansas.